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Water Treatment Patent

Water treatment apparatus

Water treatment abstract


BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] 1. Field of the Invention

[0002] The present invention relates to water treatment and disinfection. More specifically, the invention is a water treatment cartridge that utilizes a dry powder that releases chlorine dioxide on contact with water. The powder is contained within a cartridge that is adapted to fit into a standard water system filter cartridge housing.

[0003] 2. Description of the Related Art

[0004] It is a well-established fact of biological science that microorganisms flourish in dark, wet environments. Temperature has an effect, but normal ambient temperatures are adequate to promote biological growth. Such biological growth includes bacteria, virus, molds, mildews, cysts, fungi, and more.

[0005] By design, fluid treatment systems are closed, dark, wet environments that are highly suited to biological growth. Water treatment systems and facilities are of a primary concern.

[0006] Microorganisms enter water treatment systems from source water. No municipal, ground, or, surface water is totally free of them. Once inside a water treatment system, the microorganisms flourish. Growth is only checked by the regular, systematic use of the system, which flushes out the microorganisms or allows a temporary influx of a disinfectant product. Municipal water systems are typically treated with a small amount of chlorine injected into the supply water.

[0007] Typical water treatment procedures, however, are not generally able to eliminate the microorganisms entirely. While growth may be checked, the microorganisms are able to survive, and to flourish to a greater or lesser extent as water conditions permit.

[0008] A critical device for the survival of the microorganisms is known as "biofilm". Biofilm forms as bacteria adhere to the walls of the pipes and containers in the water system. The bacteria excrete a slimy, glue-like substance that can anchor the bacteria to all interior surfaces of the water system and protect the bacteria from chemical attack. A biofilm can be formed by a single bacterial species, but more frequently a biofilm includes many species of bacteria, as well as fungi, algae, and more.

[0009] The biofilm can be attacked and reduced by chemical and other methods, but it is very difficult to eliminate. Because the biofilm is not generally eliminated, it provides the seeds for future microbial growth following treatment.

[0010] Chlorine dioxide (ClO.sub.2) is one of the only substances known to eliminate biofilm. This attribute of ClO.sub.2 makes it a preferred choice for sanitization. Unfortunately, until recently ClO.sub.2 was both difficult and sometimes dangerous to produce, and needed to be produced at the point of use.

[0011] U.S. Pat. No. 3,627,133, issued on Mar. 16, 1970 to S. Rak, discloses a chlorine generator to be inserted in a fluid flow line between a water softener and a brine regenerant tank. The chlorine generator electrolytically generates chlorine to sanitize the water softener during a regeneration cycle.

[0012] U.S. Pat. No. 4,228,000, issued on Oct. 14, 1980 to F. Hoeschler, discloses a disinfectant feeder device that dispenses a predetermined amount of a disinfectant into a self-regenerating water treatment device at a predetermined time during regeneration cycles.

[0013] U.S. Pat. No. 5,882,588, issued on Mar. 16, 1999 to F. Laberge, discloses a process for disinfecting hot water supply systems. The disclosed process generally discloses introducing an ozone-containing gas into water drawn into a treatment tank. After the water is treated with the ozone-containing gas, the treated water is fed into the hot-water system.

[0014] U.S. Pat. No. 6,027,572, issued on Feb. 22, 2000 to M. Labib et al., discloses a method for removing biofilm and debris from fluid lines and tubing. Small-bore tubing is cleaned by passing an aqueous solution of water, one or more surfactants and preferably a source of hydrogen peroxide, and optionally small inert solid particles, along with a pressurized gas to create a turbulent flow within the tubing that loosens and flushes the biofilm and debris from the tubing.

[0015] The European Patent Application EP 0 421 737 A1 by P. Riplet, published on Oct. 04, 1991, discloses a method of generating chlorine dioxide which involves contacting a stable precursor with a transition metal in a buffered aqueous medium. Also disclosed are compositions containing the stable precursor and the transition metal.

[0016] The UK Patent Application GB 2 329 589 A by G. Littlejohn, published on Mar. 31, 1999, discloses a method of disinfection involving the production of chlorine dioxide by combining a chlorine dioxide source with a reagent.

[0017] None of the above inventions and patents, taken either singly or in combination, is seen to describe the instant invention as claimed. Thus a water treatment cartridge solving the aforementioned problems is desired.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0018] The water treatment cartridge facilitates safe and easy chlorine dioxide treatment and sanitization of water systems. The water treatment cartridge is used in a conventional filter cartridge housing, placed either in-line or on an auxiliary bypass line, preceding a water treatment system. Such systems are various in nature and function, often referred to as "unit processes". By category, unit processes include filtration, softening, demineralization, reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, degasification, iron removal, neutralization, and other types of water processing systems. The water treatment cartridge has applicability to all of these unit processes. The water treatment cartridge is also contemplated for application to piping or plumbing systems alone without any intervening or intermediate water treatment equipment.

[0019] The water treatment cartridge is adapted to contain a water treating media, such as an active water-treating chemical compound along with an inert filler. The preferred active water-treating chemical compound is a chemical compound that releases chlorine dioxide upon contact with water. The water treating media is contained within the water treatment cartridge in a spill-proof manner so that the cartridge can be safely handled. The active water-treating chemical compound is reduced, by its use, to an inert material so the water treatment cartridge may be safely handled and disposed.

[0020] In use, the water treatment cartridge is placed in a water filter housing, replacing the conventional filter cartridge. As water flows through the filter housing, the water flows through the water treatment cartridge. The water treating media releases a water-treating chemical, such as chlorine dioxide, into the water.

[0021] Varying the amount and type of the filler material in the water treating media can vary the concentration of the water-treating chemical released into the water, as well as the duration of the release.

[0022] Accordingly, it is a principal object of the invention to provide a water treatment cartridge for sanitizing a water treatment system.

[0023] It is another object of the invention to provide a water treatment cartridge for sanitizing a water treatment system by introducing chlorine dioxide into the water treatment system.

[0024] It is a further object of the invention to provide a water treatment cartridge that is compatible with a standard and existing water filter housing.

[0025] Still another object of the invention is to provide a water treatment cartridge that is safe and easy to use.

[0026] It is an object of the invention to provide improved elements and arrangements thereof for the purposes described which is inexpensive, dependable and fully effective in accomplishing its intended purposes.

[0027] These and other objects of the present invention will become readily apparent upon further review of the following specification and drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0028] FIG. 1 is a cross section view of a water treatment cartridge according to the present invention.

[0029] FIG. 2 is an exploded, perspective view of a water treatment cartridge according to the present invention.

[0030] FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a water treatment cartridge according to the present invention, looking toward the top end.

[0031] FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a water treatment cartridge according to the present invention, looking toward the bottom end.

[0032] FIG. 5 is a cross section view of a water treatment cartridge according to the present invention, shown within a typical water filter housing.

[0033] Similar reference characters denote corresponding features consistently throughout the attached drawings.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

[0034] The present invention is a water treatment cartridge, designated generally as 10 in the figures. The water treatment cartridge 10 is designed to fit into a conventional water filter housing, taking the place of a conventional water filter. The water treatment cartridge 10 is used to release a water-treating chemical into water that passes through the water filter housing and, thus, through the water treatment cartridge 10. In the preferred embodiment, the water treatment cartridge 10 is used to release chlorine dioxide (ClO.sub.2) into water. It will become apparent, however, that the water treatment cartridge 10 can be used to deliver a great variety of different fluid treatment substances.

[0035] Referring to FIGS. 1-4, the water treatment cartridge 10 comprises a hollow cartridge body 20 having a top end 22 and a bottom end 24. A top wall 26 closes the top end 22, while the bottom end 24 is open. A water outlet aperture 28 is formed in the top wall 26 to allow water to flow from the water treatment cartridge 10. A gasket 52 is disposed on the top wall 26 of the cartridge body 20.

[0036] An outflow filter disk 36 is disposed within the cartridge body 20 at the top end 22 of the cartridge body 20. A support shoulder 32, disposed within the cartridge body 20 next to the top wall 26, spaces the outflow filter disk 36 back somewhat from the top wall 26. The support shoulder 32 may be formed as an integral part of the cartridge body 20, or it may be a flat disk as illustrated. A water passage aperture 34 is formed through the support shoulder 32.

[0037] An end cap 40 disposed on the bottom end 24 of the cartridge body 20 has at least one fluid passage 47 defined therein. An inflow filter disk 48 is supported on the end cap 40, covering all of the fluid passages 47.

[0038] In the illustrated embodiment, as best seen in FIGS. 2 and 4, the end cap 40 comprises an annular ring 42 that is affixed to the bottom end 24 of the cartridge body 20. A central cylinder 44 is rigidly supported within the ring 42 by a plurality of spokes 46. The central cylinder 44 has a closed top and an open bottom. The open bottom extends below the ring 42. The inflow filter disk 48 has a mounting aperture 50 so that the inflow filter disk 48 can be mounted around the central cylinder 44, covering the fluid passages 47.

[0039] Turning now to FIG. 5, the function and use of the water treatment cartridge 10 can be better understood. The water treatment cartridge 10 is filled with a water treating media 38. The water treating media 38 comprises at least one active water-treating chemical. The water treating media 38 may additionally comprise a filler material. In the preferred embodiment, the active water-treating chemical is a chemical composition having the property of releasing chlorine dioxide on contact with water. Various chemical compositions are known that release chlorine dioxide on contact with water. Several such compositions are made commercially available in a dry powdered or granular form. An exemplary chlorine dioxide producing composition is Perlox, manufactured by Bio-Cide International.

[0040] In use, the water treatment cartridge 10, filled with a water treating media 38, is placed inside a conventional water filter housing 110, in place of a conventional water filter. It can be seen that the central cylinder 44 fits over a post 114 that is found on the bottom of the sump 112 of the housing 110. A water outlet 122 found in the top 120 of the housing 110 fits into the top of the water treatment cartridge 10, extending through the gasket 52 and the top wall 26. It can now be seen that the support shoulder 32 functions to displace the outflow filter disk 36 beyond the end of the water outlet 122. The central cylinder 44 positions the end cap 40 of the water treatment cartridge 10 above the bottom of the sump 112, allowing water to freely flow through the fluid passages 47 and through the cartridge body 20. Arrows W indicate water flow.

[0041] As the water flows through the water treating media 38, the water-treating chemical is released into the water. The water, laden with the water-treating chemical, flows out the top of the water treatment cartridge 10, through the water outlet 122, and on to a water system being treated.

[0042] The inflow and outflow filter disks 48, 36 retain the water treating media 38 within the cartridge body 20, while allowing water to pass through, eliminating the danger of spillage of the water treating media 38. The water treatment cartridge 10 is thus safe and easy to handle.

[0043] The concentration of the water-treating chemical that is released into the water, as well as the duration of release, can be varied by the choice of inert filler materials, as well as by the amount of the inert filler material used in the water treating media 38.

[0044] The various chemical compositions used to produce chlorine dioxide on contact with water are rendered inert by their use, making the water treatment cartridge 10 easy and safe to dispose.

[0045] It is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the embodiment described above, but encompasses any and all embodiments within the scope of the following claims.

Water treatment claims


What is claimed is:

1. Water treatment apparatus, comprising a first fitting having a first main leg, first and second bifurcated legs joined to the first main leg in fluidly communication therewith, a second fitting having second main leg, third and fourth bifurcated legs joined to the second main leg in fluidly communication therewith, a first tube having a first end portion fluidly connect to the first fitting first bifurcated leg, and a second end portion fluidly connected to the second fitting first leg, a second tube having a first end fluidly connected to the second fitting first bifurcated leg and a second end fluidly connected to the second fitting second bifurcated leg and a longitudinally elongated rod having a first end portion mounting the first fitting and a second end portion mounting the second fitting in longitudinal spaced relationship to the first fitting, each of the tubes including several helical loops in series between the respective tube end portion and having the rod extending therethrough.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein each tube includes at least three loops that each has a first and a second end and at least one generally linear tubular portion extending between the first end of one of the loops and the second end of an adjacent loop.

3. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein each tube includes seven generally circular loops with the loops in a direction from the firsts fitting to the second fitting encompass areas in a ratio of about 1:1:2:3:5:8:13.

4. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein each loops intermediate the loops connected to the fittings is connected to the adjacent loop by a linear section that extends therebetween.

5. The apparatus of claim 4 wherein each linear section is of a length that is about the same as that of the combined radii of the loops that it is connected to.

6. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the tubes are vortexian spiral tubes symmetrically position around the rod.

7. The apparatus of claim 6 wherein with the rod extending in a horizontal plane, with the loops of one tube are in overlaying relationship to the loops of about ths same size as the loops that they overlay of the other tube.

8. The apparatus of claim 7 wherein the loops of one tube are wound in a clockwise direction from the first fitting to the second fitting and the loops of the other tube are wound in a counterclockwise direction from the first fitting to the second fitting.

9. The apparatus of claim 8 wherein each loops intermediate the loops connected to the fittings is connected to the adjacent loop by a linear section that extends therebetween, the linear sections of one tube being on the transversely opposite side of the rod from the linear section of the other tube.

10. The apparatus of claim 8 wherein tubes are of the same size and shape other than the loops of one tube being wound in an opposite direction from the loops of the other.

11. Water treatment apparatus, comprising a first fitting having a first main leg and first and second bifurcated legs joined to the first main leg in fluidly communication therewith, a second fitting having second main leg and third and fourth bifurcated legs joined to the second main leg in fluidly communication therewith, a first tube having a first end portion fluidly connected to the first fitting first bifurcated leg, and a second end portion fluidly connected to the second fitting first bifurcated leg, a second tube having a first end fluidly connected to the second fitting first bifurcated leg and a second end fluidly connected to the second fitting second bifurcated leg and a longitudinally elongated rod having a first end portion mounting the first fitting and a second end portion mounting the second fitting in longitudinal spaced relationship to the first fitting, the first and second tubes including first loops having first ends fluidly connected to the first and second leg respectively of the first fitting and opposite ends and second loops having second ends fluidly connected to the respective third and fourth legs of the second fitting, each tube including at least one additional loop having a first end and a second in series with the respective first and second loop and a linear section connected between the second end of each loop and the first end of the loop that is serially adjacent thereto.

12. The apparatus of claim 11 wherein each of the first loops are of the same diameter and are of substantially larger diameters than that of the second loops.

13. The apparatus of claim 12 wherein the loops of the first tube in a direction from the first fitting to the second fitting are wound in the opposite direction from that of the second tube.

14. The apparatus of claim 13 wherein each tube is of the same size and each loop of one tube encompasses substantially the same area as a correspond loop of the other tube.

Water treatment description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application 60/490357, filed Jul. 28, 2004.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] This invention relates to apparatus for conditioning or treating water that is believed to improve the quality of water used in supporting life.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0003] Applicant believes that the crystalline structure of water is varied as it flows through the apparatus of the invention and thereby improves its life supporting and other qualities. The apparatus includes two fittings having bifurcated legs, for example Y-shaped fittings with a longitudinally elongated conductive metal rod extended therebetween and a pair of elongated vortexian spiral tubes symmetrically positioned around the rod with each tube having seven helical circular loops extending in fluid conducting relationship to the respective legs of the fittings. The tubes are mounted in overlaying relationship with the loops of each tube overlaying loops of the same size as those of the other tube and the loops of one tube being would in clockwise direction and those of the other tube in a counterclockwise direction. Advantageously the area encompassed by the loops of each tube in the direction from one fitting to the other is 1:1:2:3:5:8:13.

BRIEF DISCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0004] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the first embodiment of the invention;

[0005] FIG. 2 is an exploited view of the first embodiment of the invention;

[0006] FIG. 3 is a longitudinal, enlarged fragmentary view that is generally taken along the line and in the direction of the arrows 3-3 of FIG. 1 with the spacing of the loops from the rod being exaggerated;

[0007] FIG. 4 is a longitudinal enlarged fragmentary view that is generally taken along the line and in the direction of the arrows 4-4 of FIG. 1 with the spacing of the loops from the rod being exaggerated;

[0008] FIG. 5 is an enlarged cross sectional view of one of the Y-fittings of the first embodiment;

[0009] FIG. 6 is a transverse cross section view that is generally taken along the line and in the direction of the arrows 6-6 of FIG. 1; and

[0010] FIG. 7 is a fragmentary view of the second embodiment of the fittings and adjacent ends of the tubes that are connected thereto and the intermediate part of the rod connecting the fittings being broken away.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0011] The water treatment apparatus of the first embodiment of this invention includes a longitudinally elongated, solid rod 25 made of an electrically conductive metal, advantageously stainless steel. One end of the rod mounts a Y-fitting 28 and at the opposite end mounts a Y-fitting 44. The fitting 28 includes a main leg 28A that is fluidly connectable to a member 24 and bifurcated legs 28B, 28C that diverge in opposite directions at equal angles from the central axis of the main leg. The transverse cross sectional, fluid flow conducting area of leg 28A is twice that of each of legs 28B, 28C. Similarly the fitting 44 includes a main leg 44A that is fluidly connectable to a member 23 and bifurcated legs 44B, 44C with the cross sectional fluid flow conducting area of leg 44A being twice that of each of legs 44B, 44C.

[0012] Fluidly connected to and extending between the legs 28A, 44A is an elongated, conductive metal tube X. The tube X in extending from leg 28A to leg 44A is bent to have several, substantial circular helix loops 30, 32, 34, 37, 39, 40, 42 that are coiled in a clockwise direction with the rod 25 extending through each of these loops. As viewed in plan view (the apparatus being supported on a horizontal surface with the rod being parallel to the surface), each of the loops includes a generally semicircular part designated with A as the last part of the reference number for each of the loops that extends below the rod and a second general semicircular part designated with the letter B as the last part of the reference number for each of the loops that extends above the rod. Desirably the ratio of the areas encompassed in the helical circular loops in a direction from loop 42 to loop 30 is 1:1:2:3:5:8:13.

[0013] Each of the semicircular parts of each of the loops 30, 32, 34, 37, 39, 40, 42 that in part includes the letter B as part of its reference number has one end fluidly connected to the one end of the respective semicircular part that in part includes the letter A. The tube X includes a first end portion 29 that has one end fluidly connected to fitting leg 28B and the opposite (other) end fluidly connected to the other end of loop 30A. The other end of loop portion 30B is fluidly connected to the other end of loop portion 32A by a generally linear tube portion 31. Likewise, the generally linear tube portion 33 fluidly connects the other end of loop portion 32B to the other end of loop portion 34A, the generally linear tube portion 35 fluidly connects the other end of loop portion 34B to the other end of loop portion 37A, the generally linear tube portion 38 fluidly connects the other end of loop portion 37B to the other end of loop portion 39A, the generally linear tube portion 45 fluidly connects the other end of loop portion 39B to the other end of loop portion 40A and the generally linear tube portion 41 fluidly connects the other end of loop portion 40B to the other end of loop portion 42A. The other end of loop portion 42B is fluidly connected to fitting leg 44A by the opposite end portion 43 of the tube X.

[0014] Fluidly connected to and extending between the legs 28C, 44C is an elongated, metal tube Y. The tube Y in extending from leg 28A to leg 44A is bent to have several, substantial circular helix loops 52, 54, 57, 59, 72, 74, 77 that are coiled in a counterclockwise direction with the rod 25 extending through each of these loops. As viewed in plan view, each of the loops of tube Y includes a generally semicircular part designated with A as the last part of the reference number for each of the loops that extends below the rod and a second general semicircular part designated with the letter B as the last part of the reference number for each of the loops that extends above the rod. Desirably the ratio of the areas of the loops in a direction from loop 77 to loop 52 is 1:1:2:3:5:8:13.

[0015] Each of the semicircular parts of each of the loops 52, 54, 57, 59, 72, 74, 77 that in part includes the letter A as part of its reference number has one end fluidly connected to one end of the respective semicircular part that in part includes the letter B. The tube Y includes an end portion 51 that has one end fluidly connected to leg 28C and an opposite end portion fluidly connected to other end of loop 52A. The other end of the loop portion 52B is fluidly connected to the other end of loop portion 54A by a generally linear tube portion 53. Likewise, the generally linear tube portion 55 fluidly connects the other end of loop portion 54B to the other end of loop portion 57A, the generally linear tube portion 58 fluidly connects the other end of loop portion 57B to the other end of loop portion 59A, the generally linear tube portion 71 fluidly connects the other end of loop portion 59B to the other end of loop portion 72A, the generally linear tube portion 73 fluidly connects the other end of loop portion 72B to the other end of loop portion 74B and the generally linear tube portion 75 fluidly connects the other end of loop portion 74B to the other end of loop portion 77A. The other end of loop portion 77B is fluidly connected to fitting leg 44C by the opposite end portion 50 of the tube Y.

[0016] The length of each of the tube linear section is about the same of the combined radii of the loops that it is connected to. For example, the length of the linear section 31 is advantageously substantially the same as the combination of the outer radii of the loops 30 and 32 while the length of the linear section 58 is advantageously substantially the same as the combination of the outer radii of the loops 57 and 59. Through the provisions of the linear sections, the loops of each tube are connected in series between the fittings.

[0017] The tubes X and Y are of the same electrically conductive metal and may be made of stainless steel or copper and may or may not have their inner and outer surfaces coated with other conductive metals. The pair of tube X and Y are of the same size and shape other than one has its loops bent clockwise and the other has its loops bent counterclockwise whereby the linear sections of one tube are on the transverse opposite side of the rod 25 from the linear sections of the other tube. Thus, the tubes are mirror images of one another with the linear sections being on transverse opposite sides of the rod with the loops of one tube substantially overlaying the loops of the same size of the other tube. Further, the rod passes through the central portion of each of the pair of loops.

[0018] In use the apparatus of the first embodiment of this invention, water may be supplied from a source 24 to flow through the fitting 28-and tubes X and Y to the fitting 44 and thence to the receptacle 23, or alternately from a source 23 to flow through the fitting 44 and tubes X and Y to fitting 28 and thence to receptacle 24. Thus, regardless whether the water flow is from member 24 to member 23, or from member 23 to member 24, equal volumes of water flow through each of tubes X and Y at the same rate of flow. The water flowing through the tubes may be distilled water.

[0019] It is to be understood that the water treatment apparatus may include more than seven loops in each tube. If more than seven loops are included, the additional loops connected between the fitting 28 and the loops 30, 52 with each of the additional loops of each tube being in a ratio that the ones connected to loops 30, 52 and the fitting 28 being the sum of the last two ratios in the series (8 plus 13) of the preceding two loops and the second added loops being the sum of the two preceding loops (13 plus 21) in the series and so on for each additional pair of loops connected between the loops 30, 52 and the fitting 28. With the addition of more loops, the rod 25 would be of greater lengths and there would additional linear sections extending between loops 30, 52 and the additional loops and portions 29, 51, the tubes X and Y being of greater lengths.

[0020] Referring to FIG. 7, the second embodiment is the same as the first embodiment except that the fittings 70, 71 respectively have their bifurcated legs 70B, 70C and 71B, 71C extending at substantially right angles to their respective main leg 70A, 71A in diametrically opposite directions relative to the main legs. Further, the end portions 74, 77 of the tubes E and F are fluidly connected to the legs 70C, 70B respectively and the opposite end portions 75, 78 are connected to legs 71C, 71B, the tube end portion are of lengths which may be slight different and bent slightly different-from the end portions 51, 29,50, 43 of the first embodiment in view of the bifurcated legs 28C, 28B, 44C, 44B of the first embodiment extend outwardly of the fitting main legs 28A, 44A at a different angles than the bifurcated legs of the fittings 70, 71 extend away from their main legs 70A, 71B. Additionally, the rod 73 which corresponds to rod 25 and mounts the fittings 70, 71 may be slightly shorter than rod 25 in that the end portions 74, 77 that are connected to the largest diameter loops extend more nearly directly toward one another than having to converge toward the respective fitting such as shown for the first embodiment. This is also applicable to the end portions 75, 78 of the tubes of the second embodiment that are connected to the smallest diameter loops and to the bifurcated legs of the fitting 71. Accordingly, even though the loops of the second embodiment are of the same size and shape as those of the first embodiment, the longitudinally adjacent surfaces of the fittings 70, 71 are slightly more closely adjacent one another than the juncture of ends of the rod 25 to the fittings 28, 44. Other than for the above differences of the end portions of the tubes E, F, the tubes E, F include loops and linear portions (not shown) that are the same size and shape as the corresponding parts of Y, X. Even though not shown, the end portions 74, 77 are fluidly connected to larger diameter loops that correspond to loops 30, 52 and the tube end portions 75, 78 are fluidly connected to the smaller diameter loops that correspond to loops 42, 77.

[0021] In use the apparatus of the second embodiment of this invention water or other liquid may be supplied from a source 24 to flow through the fitting 70 and tubes E and F to the fitting 70 and thence to the receptacle 23, or alternately from a source 23 to flow through the fitting 71 and tubes E and F to fitting 70 and thence to receptacle 24. Thus, regardless whether the water flow is from member 24 to member 23, or from member 23 to member 24 of the second embodiment, equal volumes of water flow through each of tubes E and F at the same rate of flow. The water flowing through the tubes may be distilled water.

EAMPLE

[0022] In order to ascertain the effects on a liquid passed through the second embodiment of the invention, measurements were made to ascertain various parameters of spring water (sample A), a quantity of the spring water that was the same as that of sample A was pumped to pass from member 24 to flow first through the large loops and subsequently to member 23 (sample B) and a quantity of the spring water that was the same as sample A was similarly pumped to pass from member 23 to flow first through the small loops and subsequently to member 24. The total length of each of the tube E, F was approximately 12 feet. As Samples B and C, the flow rate through the tubes was approximately 1.75 gallons/minute and the pump pressure was approximately 58 psi. The inner diameter of each tube was approximately an eighth of an inch.

1 Density Surface Tension SAMPLE pH (g/mL) Specific Gravity (dynes/cm) A 6.60 0.997 1.000 69.2 B 6.81 0.997 1.000 59.8 C 6.94 0.997 1.000 67.2

[0023] Each sample was analyzed in five replicates for apparent surface tension. The average of the three best values, a gravity constant of 980.8 cm/sec.sup.2, an R/r value for the platinum ring of 53.6 and the sample density reported above were used to determine the correction factor calculating the true surface tension.

[0024] With lower surface tensions, is absorbed more easily through plant and animal cellular walls. Basically with lower surface tensions, the water is wetter and the water is absorbed easier through the cellular walls. As a result there can be better hydration of the cells. It also enhances the cellular waste exchange.

[0025] With a somewhat increase in the alkalinity of the water, there is provided an increased benefit to living cells.

[0026] Although it is preferred that the tubes be of conductive metal, it is to be understood they could be made of other materials. Also, even though it is preferred the liquid flowing through the tubes is water, it could be other types of fluids.


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