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Water Treatment Patent

Road surface waste water treatment device and tubular water treatment unit

Water treatment abstract


The invention provides a runoff water purification system for removing pollutants accumulating on the road surfaces, reducing the workload of the sewage water treatment plants and preventing environmental water pollution. The system 1 is installed under the ground of the side of the road 2. Runoff water runs into the system 1 through a curb inlet 120, being purified and discharged to a sewage pipe 56. The system comprise a concrete box 11, in which a wall 10 separates the box into a maintenance tank 7 and a treatment tank 9, both of which are connected each other at their lower ends. Runoff water flows into the maintenance tank 7 and to the treatment tank 9, through the connecting conduit where pollutants are removed, and discharged to the sewage pipe.

Water treatment claims


What is claimed is

1. A road surface drain system for removing pollutants in the water comprising: a maintenance tank having an inlet for introducing runoff water; a treatment tank having an outlet positioned lower than the inlet of the maintenance tank and treatment materials for removing pollutants in the runoff water therein; both tanks being connected at their lower ends; wherein the runoff water flows into the maintenance tank from the inlet thereof, flows up the treatment tank and exits from the outlet thereof.

2. A road surface drain system for removing pollutants in the water comprising: a maintenance tank having an inlet for introducing runoff water; a treatment tank having an outlet positioned lower than the inlet of the maintenance tank and a removably packed treatment materials for removing pollutants in the runoff water therein; both tanks being connected at their lower ends; wherein the runoff water flows into the maintenance tank from the inlet thereof, flows up the treatment tank and exits from the outlet thereof.

3. A road surface drain system for removing pollutants in the water comprising: a treatment tank having an inlet for introducing runoff water and treatment materials for removing pollutants in the runoff water therein; a maintenance tank having an outlet positioned lower than the inlet of the a treatment tank wherein the runoff water enters the treatment tank from the inlet thereof and flows down, enters the maintenance tank, flows up and exits from the outlet thereof

4. A road surface drain system for removing pollutants in the water comprising: a treatment tank having an inlet for introducing runoff water and a removably packed treatment materials for removing pollutants in the runoff water therein; both tanks being connected at their lower ends; a maintenance tank having an outlet positioned lower than the inlet of the a treatment tank both tanks being connected at their lower ends; wherein the runoff water enters the treatment tank from the inlet thereof and flows down, enters the maintenance tank, flows up and exits from the outlet thereof.

5. The system of claim 2 or 4, wherein a treatment material is filled in a container and further a gap between the tank and the container is sealed.

6. The system of claim 5 further comprising a detachable handle at the top end of the container.

7. The system any one of the claims 1 to 6, wherein the treatment tank comprising a plurality of tank.

8. The system any one of the claims 1 to 7, wherein the bottom of the treatment tank is declined toward the maintenance tank.

9. The system of any one of the claims 1 to 8, further comprising a cover plate which closes the opening of the both tanks, and when closed, runoff water flows over the coverplate and bypass the tanks.

10. The system of any one of the claims 1 to 8, further comprising a cover plate which closes the opening of the treatment tank, and when closed, runoff water flows over the coverplate and bypass the tanks.

11. The system of any one of the claims 1 to 10, the maintenance tank and the treatment tank formed in a box, being separated by a wall having a opening at its lower end as a connecting conduit.

12. The system of claim 11, wherein further comprising a wall at the top of the box.

13. The system of claims 12, wherein further comprising cutouts at the wall as an inlet and an outlet.

14. A water purification unit comprising a cylinder filled with a water treatment materials, a annular sealing therearound and permeable cover member at both ends.

15. A water purification unit of claim 14, wherein the permeable member is a mesh cloth.

16. A water purification unit of claim 14 or 15, wherein the annular sealing has a continuous projecting tongue.

17. A water purification unit of claim 14 or 15, wherein the annular sealing is combined with a fixing band.

18. A water purification unit of any one claims of 14 to 17, wherein the cylinder has a recesses at both ends therearound for accepting a annular fixing band for securing the edge of the permeable cover member to the container.

19. A water purification unit of claim 18, wherein the fixing band has a sponge rubber lining.

20. A water purification unit of claim 16, wherein the tongue projects obliquely upward.

21. A water purification unit of any claims of 14 to 17, wherein the annular elastic sealing is placed only at an upper end of the container.

22. A water purification unit of any claims of 16 or 20, wherein an elastic ring member is inserted between the annular fixing band and the tongue for reinforcing the repulsive power of the tongue.

23. A water purification unit of any claims of 14 to 22, wherein the container has a handle comprising a pair of L shaped member which is fixed to the container by screw, and a holding member which connects the L shaped members to form a handle.

Water treatment description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] This invention is in the field of system for removing pollutants from drainage water, such as runoff from city streets, house drainage, factory drainage and from the rice fields or the like.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] Pollutants from the exhaust gas of the automobiles, especially from diesel engine vehicles, abraded tire dust, asphalt dust, and further a large volume of pollutants contained in the flue gas from the industries accumulate on the road surfaces. These pollutants include organic pollutants, such as polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons, heavy metals such as chrome and cadmium, nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus, which cause an eutorophication and further include materials of potential environmental hormones.

[0003] These pollutants and the like are washed out by the rainfall and pass into storm drains adjacent to paved surfaces such as streets and parking lots, such as through curb inlets and flow into the sewage systems or into the rivers.

[0004] Larger spills of oil can also flow into storm drains, such as from loading docks, gas stations, and the like. In addition, quantities of oil or other hydrocarbons are frequently spilled on the ground and subsequent water flow, such as from rain, can cause the oil to flow into storm drains. This is referred to as "non-point-source pollution."

[0005] The volume of oil from non-point-source pollution in typical water runoff is surprisingly large and consequently, enormous annual costs, both financial and environmental, by contaminating natural receiving waters.

[0006] In case the sewage system is a combined flow system, pollutants are treated and disposed at the sewage treatment plants. But if pollutants include heavy metals, such as chrome or cadmium, sludge needs a special treatment.

[0007] On the other hand, in case the sewage system is a separate flow system, road surface run-off water containing pollutants flows into the rivers with no proper treatment, the pollutants potentially cause an eutrophication or environmental water pollution, and causes a disruption of the ecosystem.

[0008] The chemicals, such as insecticides or herbicides, in the effluent from the rice fields or the like, and the suspension solids caused by plowing the rice fields for young rice plants flow into the rivers and cause a water pollution.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

[0009] It is a primary object of the present invention to achieve an effective system for removing pollutants accumulating on the road surfaces and being washed by rainfall, for reducing the workload of the sewage water treatment plants and for preventing environmental water pollution.

[0010] It is another object of the invention to prevent environmental water pollution by removing the chemicals, such as insecticides or herbicides, in the effluent from the rice fields or the like, and the suspension solids caused by plowing the rice fields for young rice plants.

[0011] It is another object of the invention to provide a compact and easy-maintenance system for effectively removing pollutants flowing into curb-inlet storm drains, over a wide range of flow rates.

[0012] The present invention achieves the above and other objectives by use of a compact dranage purification unit for connected to a curb-inlet storm drains having a composite collection system for pollutants accumulated on the road surfaces. The road surface drainage system of this invention for removing the pollutants on the road surfaces comprises a maintenance tank and a treatment tank, and both tanks are connected each other at their lower ends with a connecting conduit.

[0013] Run-off water washing the pollutants from the road surfaces flows into the maintenance tank through an inlet connected to a curb inlet and into the treatment tank, in which the water treatment materials are packed. Pollutants are removed while the water flowing up the treatment tank being absorbed by the water treatment materials having high surface area and the purified water flows out from an outlet disposed at the top of the apparatus. Water flows by the gravity without using a water pump or the like subsequently the outlet is disposed below the inlet level. As the upper side of the maintenance tank is opened, it is easy to remove sediments from the bottom of the maintenance tank.

[0014] In this specification, the term " road-surface run-off water" refers to water drainage on the road surface or the like caused by rain and the road surface refers to any place or space where the vehicle can move, for instance a parking lot and a side walk.

[0015] The term pollutants refers to any kind of pollutants existing on the road surface, for instance, a small particle or dust in the diesel engine emission, pneumatic rubber tire dust, asphalt dust and further a large volume of pollutants contained in the flue gas from the industries, more particularly organic pollutants, such as polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons, heavy metals such as chrome and cadmium, eutrophic nutrients, such an nitrogen and phosphorus, and further include materials of potential environmental hormones.

[0016] These pollutants are accumulated on the road surfaces and carried to the side of the road by the rainfall.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0017] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a curb-inlet storm drain with an embodiment of the system installed.

[0018] FIG. 2 is a cross-section view of a road surface drain system.

[0019] FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of an upper portion of a road surface drain system.

[0020] FIG. 4 is a perspective and a partially cross-sectional side view of the system.

[0021] FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a box showing a cover plate opened.

[0022] FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a box showing a cover plate closed.

[0023] FIG. 7 is a perspective view of detail view of concrete block components of the box.

[0024] FIG. 8 is a perspective view of detail view of concrete block components of the maintenance tank.

[0025] FIG. 9 is a cross sectional view of the block being connected with a connecting pin.

[0026] FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a treatment materials container.

[0027] FIG. 11 is an enlarged perspective view of the lower end of the treatment materials container.

[0028] FIG. 12 is perspective view of the upper portion of the treatment tank showing each member.

[0029] FIG. 13 is a perspective view of the treatment tank indicating an installment of a mesh cloth.

[0030] FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional view of an annular elastic sealing.

[0031] FIG. 15 is a perspective view of a recess round the lower end of the treatment tank.

[0032] FIG. 16 is a perspective view of an upper portion of the treatment materials container.

[0033] FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view of the annular elastic sealing installed in the recess.

[0034] FIG. 18 is an enlarged perspective view of the lower end of the treatment materials container.

[0035] FIG. 19 is a cross-sectional view of the treatment materials container.

[0036] FIG. 20 is a perspective view of an annular elastic band.

[0037] FIG. 21 is a perspective view of an annular elastic sealing

[0038] FIG. 22 is a cross-sectional view of the treatment materials container in which the mesh cloth is installed.

[0039] FIG. 23 is a perspective view of an upper portion of the treatment materials container.

[0040] FIG. 24 is a cross-sectional view of a handle of the treatment materials container.

[0041] FIG. 25 is a cross-sectional view of the treatment materials container installed in the treatment tank.

[0042] FIG. 26 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the system

[0043] FIG. 27 is a cross-sectional view of the annular elastic sealing installed in the recess.

[0044] FIG. 28 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the system illustrated in FIG. 26.

[0045] FIG. 29 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the treatment materials container.

[0046] FIG. 30 is a perspective view of the treatment materials container and the treatment tank.

[0047] FIG. 31 is a cross-sectional view of the treatment tank and the treatment materials container.

[0048] FIG. 32 is a cross-sectional view of the treatment tank and explaining the cover plate.

[0049] FIG. 33 is a cross-sectional view of the maintenance tank and explaining the cover plate.

[0050] FIG. 34 is a partially cross sectional view of perspective view of another embodiment of the system.

[0051] FIG. 35 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the system.

[0052] FIG. 36 is a schematic diagram of the system explaining a layout of the treatment tank and the maintenance tank.

[0053] FIG. 37 is a schematic diagram of the system explaining a layout of the treatment tank and the maintenance tank.

[0054] FIG. 38 is a schematic diagram of the system explaining a layout of the treatment tank and the maintenance tank.

[0055] FIG. 39 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the annular elastic sealing installed in the recess.

[0056] FIG. 40 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the tongue of the annular elastic sealing installed in the recess.

[0057] FIG. 41 is a perspective view of another embodiment of an opening of the tank.

[0058] FIG. 42 is a perspective view of another embodiment of an opening of the tank.

[0059] Common numerals are used in the several figures to indicate similar elements.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

BEST MODE OF THE INVENTION

[0060] Embodiment 1

[0061] As illustrated in FIG. 1, the water treatment apparatus 1 of the invention is installed underneath the ground at a distance of 20 m in an area 6 between the road-side 3 of the road 2 and a sidewalk 5, where the plants are planted. The top of the apparatus 1 is adjusted to the ground level and the apparatus is covered by a cover plate 52 placed in a support frame 51. Road surface water runs into the apparatus 1 through a curb inlet 120, being purified while passing through the apparatus and exits from an outlet to the sewage pipe 56.

[0062] As illustrated in FIG. 2, the water purification apparatus 1 of the invention comprises a concrete block box 11, inside of which is separated by a wall 10 and is formed a maintenance tank 7 and a treatment tank 9, both of which are connected at their lower ends, thereby the drain water from the road surfaces flows into the maintenance tank 7 indicated as arrows in FIG. 2, then flows downward in the maintenance tank 7, flows upward passing through the water treatment tank 9, the pollutants are removed by the water purification materials 57 and the purified water is discharged to a pipe 56.

[0063] The concrete box 11 extends vertically and as illustrated in FIG. 5, there is provided a wall 13 therearound and inside space 15 surrounded by the wall 13, there is provided openings 17, 19 of the maintenance tank 7 and of water treatment tank 9 respectively at the bottom 16 of the space 15. A detachable cover 20 closes both openings 17, 19 at the same time. The maintenance tank 7 has a square cross-sectional area and extends vertically and the treatment tank 9 has a round cross-sectional area and also extends vertically. As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 4, the lower end of the partition wall 10 is opened thereby forming a connection conduit 23 and thereby both of the tanks 7, 9 are communicated each other. The bottom 25 of the treatment tank 9 is a down slope toward the maintenance tank 7, and a treatment materials container 27 is detachably installed inside the treatment tank 9, the container 27 can be taken out from the opening 19 disposed at the top.

[0064] As illustrated in FIG. 5, the wall 13 is cut off to form an inlet 30 and an outlet 31. A bottom level 32 of the outlet 31 is lower than a bottom level 35 of the inlet 30 thereby the treated water in the treatment tank 9 flows out automatically by the gravity.

[0065] As illustrated in FIG. 5, the cover plate 20 is a square flat plate, having a dimension capable of covering two openings 17, 19 and as illustrated in FIG. 6, the cover plate 20 is hinged to the outer wall 13, capable of closing and opening the two openings 17, 19 at the same time. When the cover late 20 is closed, the cover plate 20 closely contacts the bottom base 16 for sealing.

[0066] As illustrated in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, the cover plate 20 has a cut off 40 corresponding to the inlet 30 of the apparatus 1, thereby the water flows into the maintenance tank 7 through the inlet 30 and the cut off 40 as an arrow in FIG. 4 indicates.

[0067] The concrete box 11 may be formed as one solid body, but as shown in FIG. 5, FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, it can be composed of four component blocks 42, 43, 45, 46 and being connected to form a complete box, using connecting pins 47 as shown in FIG. 9. At the top of the box 11, as shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 3, and FIG. 4, a frame 51 is installed on the top of the box and two cover plates 52, 52 are placed over the cover 20 plate. As shown in FIG. 5, the cover plates 52, 52 are removed from the frame, for opening the cover plate 20.

[0068] Purified water in the treatment tank 9 exits from the outlet 31, flows into the outlet box 53, and flows out to the sewage pipe 56 through the discharge conduit 55.

[0069] As shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 10, a container 27 is filled with the treatment materials which absorb and entrap or filter a high quantity of pollutants, for instance, oil and other chemicals passing through the container 27, while permitting a high water flow-through rate. It is preferable to select small fragments of foam polypropylene which is low density and has a high ability of absorbing oily materials, such as asphalt and easy to wash. Well-known absorbents, such as ceramics or activated carbon may also be applicable as treatment materials. A proper material should be selected depending on the pollutants to be removed.

[0070] As shown in FIG. 11, a lower end of the container 59, there is provided a continuous recess 61 therearound and as shown in FIG. 12, two continuous recess 62, 63 around its top portion.

[0071] As shown in FIG., 13, FIG. 14 and FIG. 15, both ends of the container 59 are covered with round mesh cloths 64, 65, made of synthetic fiber, such as polyethylene or metal fiber, and whose edges 66, 67 are folded to wrap the ends of the container 59 and fixed with stainless bands 68, 69 which are placed inside the recesses. The lower fixing band 69 installed in the lower recess 61 is permanently fixed but the upper fixing bands 68 are untied for washing the treatment materials 57 inside the container 59.

[0072] As illustrated in FIG. 15, FIG. 19, and FIG. 20, the fixing band 69 is installed in the recess by placing an annular elastic band member 72 comprising of a base member made of hard rubber and a foam rubber cushion 71.

[0073] As illustrated in FIG. 19, the edge 67 of the mesh cloth 65 is fixed by expanding the annular elastic band 72 for placing the band into the recess 61, suppressing the edge 67 by the band 72, placing the fixing band 69, and fastening the band by screwing the fastening screw 76.

[0074] In the upper recess 62, an annular elastic sealing band 79 is installed under the fixing band 68 placed in the upper recess 62. As illustrated in FIG. 14 and FIG. 21, the annular elastic sealing band 79 has an upwardly projecting tongue 81 at the fixing portion 80 and a sponge rubber 82 underneath the elastic band 79.

[0075] As illustrated in FIG. 13 and FIG. 14, for installing the mesh cloth 64 at the top of the container 59, placing the mesh cloth 64 on the top, extending the cloth edge over the recess 62, then expanding the annular sealing elastic band 79 for placing into the recess 62, and thereby suppressing the cloth edge 66 to the bottom 85 of the recess 62. The elastic annular sealing band 79 can hold the cloth edge 66 at its place, and the fixing band 68 is installed around the band for further securing being tightened by the tightening screw 68.

[0076] The sponge rubber 82 is pressed by tightening the fixing band 68, the mesh cloth 64 is secured stoutly and stable.

[0077] The cloth edge 66 inside the recess 62 is overlapped and consequently the edge is not flat and there is formed some unevenness 87, 88, but the mesh cloth is tightly secured because the sponge rubber 82 absorb the unevenness and press the cloth edged uniformly. The lower mesh cloth edge is also tightly secured by the sponge rubber cushion.

[0078] As shown in FIG. 22, the treatment materials 57 is filled in the container 59, whose bottom is closed with the mesh cloth 65, and the top of the container is also closed with the mesh cloth 64. If the diameter of the mesh cloth is large enough to reach the second upper recess 63, the another fixing band is installed in the recess 63 for holding the cloth 64.

[0079] It is easy to install the fixing bands in the recesses because the recesses are provided outside of the container 59 and there is provided two recesses for holding the upper mesh cloth, the mesh cloth is strongly secured.

[0080] There is provided a screwed holes 95 at a certain distance at the top of the container 59 as shown in FIG. 12, FIG. 17 and FIG. 23, and there is provided holes 96 around the edge of the mesh cloth 64 corresponding to the screwed holes 95 for securing the mesh cloth 64 with bolts 97 more stoutly as shown in FIG. 13 and FIG. 17. As shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 16, a handle 101 comprising of a L shaped bars 102 having a screw at its both ends are connected in the female screws 95 as shown in FIG. 24, and being tightened with nuts 105. The mesh cloth 64 is strongly fixed to the top of the container 59. A nut 107 is a counter nut for preventing loosening of the nut 105.

[0081] As shown in FIG. 12, there is provided screws 103, 109 at both ends of the L shaped bar 102 and which is connected with a pipe 111 to form a handle 101.

[0082] As shown in FIG. 18, lower mesh cloth 65 is also secured at the lower end of the container 59 with bolts 113 as the upper mesh cloth 64.

[0083] A diameter of the container 59 filled with the treatment materials is slightly smaller than that of the treatment tank 9, and the diameter of the annular elastic sealing band is slightly larger than that of the treatment tank 9. The container 59 is placed in the treatment tank 9 and being supported on the four support members 119 disposed at the lower end of the treatment tank 9.

[0084] As illustrated in FIG. 17, the tongue 81 a of the annular elastic sealing band seals the gap G between the inner wall of the treatment tank 9 and the outer wall of the container 59, the top of the tongue 81a abutting against the inner wall 117. As illustrated in FIG. 2, runoff water from the road surfaces flows down as the arrow indicates into the maintenance tank 7 through curb inlet 120, via inlet 30 and flows down through the opening 40. The maintenance tank 7 and the treatment tank 9 are connected each other at their lower ends, the lower connecting conduit 33 is filled with the run off water, then the water level in the treatment tank 9 gradually goes up and the water flows up between the treatment materials and exits from the exit outlet 31 consecutively.

[0085] The pollutants in the water is filtered or absorbed by the treatment materials 57 filled in the container 59.

[0086] The gap G between the container 59 and the treatment tank 9 is sealed with the annular elastic seal 79, all the water is introduced into the treatment tank 9 through the mesh cloth 65. As the pollutants are almost removed while passing through the gaps between the treatment materials, purified water is discharged to the sewage pipe 56, through the upper mesh cloth 64, the outlet 31, the discharge box 53 and the discharge conduit 55.

[0087] The bottom level of the outlet 31 is designed to be lower than the bottom level of the inlet 30, so that the water flows automatically only by the gravity. The level difference is designed considering the friction loss between the maintenance tank 7 and the treatment tank 9, including the conduit 33 and also the friction loss while passing through the treatment materials in the container 59.

[0088] The suspended solids, such as sand and mud larger than a mesh width of the lower mesh cloth 65 settles down at the bottom 25 of the treatment tank 25. A part of the filtered materials in the container 59 is also precipitates at the bottom 25. The sediments 121 at the bottom may contain pollutants. The bottom of the treatment tank 9 is declined toward the maintenance tank 7, consequently the sediments 121 move to the maintenance tank 7 by the gravity and accumulate at the bottom of the treatment tank 7.

[0089] The pollutants accumulated on the road surfaces are washed away by the rainfall, for instance, in case of 8-10 mm per hour rainfall, most of the pollutants are washed away within 30 minutes. Then the runoff water containing pollutants flows in the maintenance tank 7 and purified in the treatment tank 9. After this period, even if the rainfall continues, the pollutants in the runoff water becomes very little or very low.

[0090] Therefore the runoff water treatment apparatus must be designed to accept all the initial amount of rainfall.

[0091] In case the rainfall intensity is very high after the initial rainfall, the maintenance tank 7 is already full of water and it becomes impossible to accept the another rainfall. The excess water floods from the maintenance tank 7 and flows over the top 118 of the cover plate 20 as an arrow in FIG. 3 indicates, and flows toward the outlet 31 directly by-passing the treatment tank 9. The by-passed water is not purified in the treatment tank 9, but most of the pollutants are washed away at the beginning of the rainfall therefore the by-pass water contains little pollutants and does not pollute the environment.

[0092] If the capacity of the connecting conduit 33 is designed to be large enough to accept all the rainfall through the raining time, the cost of construction increases and requires large area for installing.

[0093] Therefore, it is preferable to design the capacity of the system only to accept the initial rainfall and to allow the excess rainfall to be discharged to the environment directly for reducing the cost.

[0094] When the cover plate 20 is closed, as illustrated in FIG. 6, the opening 17 of the maintenance tank 7 is closed, the rainfall from the road surface flows over the top 118 of the cover plate 20 (in case the sealing of the cover plate is not perfect, a part of the runoff water flows into the maintenance tank 7), flows toward the outlet 31 and is directly discharged. So the water in the maintenance tank 7 is not agitated by a flow of the runoff water, the sediments at the bottom is not stiffed but stay still.

[0095] The sediments at the bottom of the maintenance tank 7 must be removed and the maintenance tank 7 must be cleaned periodically.

[0096] The amount of the sediments is checked by opening the cover plate 20 and observing the sediments through the opening 17 (See FIG. 5) and the sediments is vacuumed through the opening 17. The sediment 121 at the bottom of the treatment tank 9 is also vacuumed. As the bottom of the treatment tank 9 is declined toward the maintenance tank 7, it is easy for operation of the cleaning.

[0097] For cleaning the treatment materials or replacing the materials, the container 59 is pulled up from the treatment tank 9, and the handle 101 is removed form the container 59 by unscrewing the fixing nuts. The fixing band 68 and the upper annular elastic sealing band 79 are removed from the recess for removing the mesh cloth 64. The treatment materials 57 is washed and reused or fresh materials are refilled.

[0098] It is easy to pull up the container 59 out of the treatment tank 7 because the sealing tongue 81 of the annular elastic sealing band is disposed only at the top of the annular sealing band, the friction between the seal and the inner wall of the treatment tank 7 is rather small.

[0099] The treatment materials is washed and cleaned in the treatment tank 7 by water jet and allow the pollutants flowing down through the lower mesh cloth for another treatment.

[0100] Embodiment 2

[0101] FIG. 26 and FIG. 28 show another embodiment of the invention of the water purification apparatus. It is basically the same as the embodiment 1. The water purification apparatus comprises a concrete block box 11, inside of which is separated by a wall 10 and forms a maintenance tank 7 and treatment tank 9, and both of which are connected each other at their lower ends thereby the drain water from the road surfaces flows into the maintenance tank 7 indicated by arrows. The water flows downward in the treatment tank 9, then upward in the maintenance tank 7. The pollutants are removed by the water purification materials 57 in the treatment tank 9 and the purified water is discharged to a sewage pipe 56.

[0102] The bottom 25 of the treatment tank 9 is declined toward the maintenance tank 7 and the treatment container 59 is detachably placed therein and the both tanks are connected at their lower ends. A cover plate 20 is placed to cover the openings 19, 17 of the both tanks. The difference from the embodiment 1 is a layout of the inlet 30 which is disposed at the treatment tank 9 and the outlet 31 is disposed at the maintenance tank 7. They are oppositely arranged compared with the embodiment 1. A bottom 32 of the outlet 31 is lower than a bottom 35 of the inlet thereby the purified water in the treatment tank 9 flows out automatically by the gravity.

[0103] The runoff water as indicated by an arrow in FIG. 26, flows down to the treatment tank 9 from an inlet 30 via the inlet 40 disposed at the cover plate 20. As illustrated in FIG. 27, the gap G between the treatment material container 59 and the treatment tank 9 is sealed with the annular elastic seal 79, all the downflow water from the inlet is introduced into the treatment tank 9 through the mesh cloth 65.As the pollutants are almost removed while passing through the gaps between the treatment materials, purified water is discharged to the sewage pipe 56, passing through the connecting conduit 23, the maintenance tank 7 and the outlet 31.

[0104] If the treatment tank 9 becomes full of runoff water, and could not accept the extra runoff water, the excess runoff water as illustrated in FIG. 28, bypass the inlet 30 and flows on the top 118 of the cover plate 20 and exits from the outlet 31.

[0105] Embodiment 3

[0106] FIG. 29 and FIG. 30 show another embodiment of the container 27 of the treatment materials.

[0107] It is basically the same as the embodiment 1 and in a preferred embodiment, the cross section of the container 59 is rectangular, and both ends are covered by covers 125, 126 which comprise mesh cloth 123 and are secured to the container with bolts. The treatment tank 9 is preferably rectangular and extends vertically and there is provided a support members 129 made of angles members at the inside lower end thereof and sealing members 131 are glued on the top of the support members 129.

[0108] The container 27 is placed inside the treatment tank 9 and the lower end is supported on the support members 129. The sealing members 131 are compressed by the weight of the container 59 thereby the gap G between the container 59 and the inside wall 132 of the treatment tank 9 is sealed. The runoff water flows into the container 59 through the inlet 30 and flows upward or downward and the water is purified while passing through the container and flows out from the outlet.

[0109] In case the container may float because of the buoyancy, the stoppers 133 disposed at the top of the container prevent the container from floating and keep the container at its position.

[0110] Embodiment 4

[0111] The container 136 is permanently fixed to the treatment tank 9 with bolts and the bottom of the container 136 is permeable through which the water can pass. The container is filled with the treatment materials 57 stored in the mesh bag. In case the treatment materials float when the water is introduced into the container, the top of the container may be covered by a mesh cloth or the like for preventing the overflow

[0112] Embodiment of the Detail

[0113] The container 27 may be assembled with the cylinder 59 at least the bottom of the container can pass the water.

[0114] Instead of the handle 101, recesses may be disposed at the side of the container 59 for handling.

[0115] It is not necessary to use the continuous recess around the container for resting the fixing band for securing the mesh cloth to the outer edge of the container.

[0116] The sealing 79 may be placed around the lower end of the container 59. This is the case, for instance, the annular band 72 placed into the lower recess 61 can be replaced by the sealing 79.

[0117] As the annular elastic sealing 79 is aimed to seal the gap between the cylinder wall 60 and the inner wall 117 of the treatment tank, it is not necessary to place the sealings at both ends of the container. One annular elastic sealing will do for sealing the gap.

[0118] The water in the container 27 may be discharged from the sidewall of the container, since the primary object of the container is to remove the pollutants in the run off water. The gap between the inside wall of the treatment tank 9 and the outside of the container, or allowing the entire run off water being contact with the treatment materials, if the gap is small and the amount of water leakage is negligible, no sealing for the gap is necessary.

[0119] It is preferable that the cover 20 may close the opening 17 of the maintenance tank 7 and the opening of the treatment tank independently by dividing the cover 20 into two.

[0120] In case of the independent cover 20 is applied, as illustrated in FIG. 32, only the opening 19 of the treatment tank 9 may be opened and closed. When the maintenance tank 7 becomes full of runoff water, the excess runoff water flows on the cover plate 20 over the opening 19 and is directly discharged from the outlet 31 as an arrow indicates in FIG. 32.

[0121] In case the runoff water flows in directly into the treatment tank 9, as illustrated in FIG. 33, only the opening 17 of the maintenance tank 7 is closed with the cover plate 20 and when the treatment tank 9 becomes full of runoff water, the excess runoff water flows on the cover plate 20 over the opening 17 and is directly discharged from the outlet 31 as an arrow in FIG. 33 indicates.

[0122] In case of cleaning the maintenance tank 7, a suction for removing the sediments at the bottom is not necessary if the maintenance tank 7 has a opening wide enough for cleaning. If all the sediments at the bottom of the maintenance tank 7 can be removed by vacuum suction cleaning, the bottom of the treatment tank 9 is not necessarily declined toward the maintenance tank 7.

[0123] FIG. 34, FIG. 35, and FIG. 36-38 illustrate a runoff water purification unit for treating large volume of runoff water which has plurality of treatment tanks (for instance two) and a maintenance tank.

[0124] The water purification unit illustrated in FIG. 34 and FIG. 35 has two treatment tanks and both of the tanks are connected to the maintenance tank 7 at their lower ends. The runoff water flows into the maintenance tank 7 through the inlet 30, into the treatment tank 9, 9 via the connecting conduit 23, as an arrow in FIG. 34 indicates. The water is purified in the treatment tank 9 by absorption of the treatment materials and is discharged from the outlet 31.

[0125] FIG. 36 shows an embodiment of the purification apparatus which has two treatment tanks 9 at both sides of the maintenance tank 7.

[0126] FIG. 37 shows an embodiment of the purification apparatus which has two treatment tanks 9 at one side of the maintenance tank 7 and each of the treatment tank 9 is connected in parallel to the maintenance tank at its lower end.

[0127] FIG. 38 shows an embodiment of the purification apparatus which has two treatment tanks 9 at one side of the maintenance tank 7 and the treatment tanks 9 are connected to the maintenance tank 7 in series at their lower ends. It should be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art that any number of treatment tanks can be arranged in a row.

[0128] The maintenance tank and the treatment tank are not necessarily made of concrete but made of steel or the like and both tanks are connected with a pipe. Or the apparatus may be constructed by a cast in-situ method using concrete.

[0129] It is also preferable to reinforce the repulsive power of the tongue 81, by inserting an elastic ring 140 member between the annular fixing band 80 and the tongue 81 as shown in FIG. 39. The elastic ring member 140 is placed in a recess which is disposed around the periphery of the fixing member 80. FIG. 40 shows another example of sponge rubber sealing tongue, which has a semi circular cross-sectional area.

[0130] FIG. 41 and FIG. 42 show another examples of the inlet 40. The opening 40 in FIG. 41 is opened by sliding the cover plate 20 placed on an opening of the maintenance tank 7 or the treatment tank. The opening 40 in illustrated in FIG. 42 is a cutout formed at top edge of the tank.

ADVANTAGES OF THE INVENTION

[0131] According to the invention of this application, the runoff water from road surfaces and sewage or industries and agricultural fields are purified and the pollutants on the road surfaces are not discharged into the environment. Consequently the workload of the sewage plants receiving the runoff water is greatly reduced.

[0132] When the rainfall intensity is high, and the maintenance tank becomes full of water and impossible to accept the rainfall, the excess water floods from the maintenance tank and flows over the top of the cover plate and flows toward the outlet directly by-passing the treatment tank by closing the cover plate. Therefore, the system can be designed compact and reduce the construction cost.

[0133] The cover plate prevents the agitation of the water in the maintenance tank and the sediments accumulated at the bottom of the tank stay still and are not discharged from the outlet.

[0134] The bottom of the outlet is lower than the bottom of the inlet thereby the water in the treatment tank flows out by the gravity and no power is needed for the system.

[0135] As the treatment materials are packed in the container, it is easy and less cost for washing, cleaning and exchanging the treatment materials.

[0136] The gap between the tank and the container is sealed by the annular elastic band, all the water accepted by the system pass through the treatment tank, therefore the no untreated runoff water is discharged into the environment.

[0137] The bottom of the treatment tank is declined toward the maintenance tank, it is easy to wash and clean the maintenance tank and to remove the sediments.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

[0138] The invention of this application removes the pollutants in the runoff water and prevents the pollutants dispersed into the environment. And also it reduces the workload of the sewage plants.


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